Home Ancient Civilizations List Philopappos Monument and Hill | A beautiful tomb in Attica, Greece!

Philopappos Monument and Hill | A beautiful tomb in Attica, Greece!

Philopappos Monument and Hill
Philopappos Monument and Hill
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What do you know about philopappos Monument and Hill? Do you know in which country and city this tomb is located? Do you know who tried to make this beautiful insulator? Have you read about this ancient monument in historical books? Has anyone in your family or friends seen the monument de philopappos? What about the Areopagus hill? Do you know anything about mouseion hill? Have you ever heard the subjective opinion of a Tripadvisor about this monument?

In this article, we want to give you some exciting information about Philopappos Monument and Hill.

Then, Thank you for being with us. We hope you share our story with your friends so that they too can enjoy reading articles on essential questions and social and historical issues.

Philopappos Monument and Hill and its grounds
Philopappos Monument and Hill and its grounds

who was philopappos monument?

philopappos was Prince Commagene. This prince lived in Athens in the first century AD.

You may be wondering who the komagens are. We must say that the Komagans were a Hellenized Iranian dynasty answering this question.

His mother, philopappos, was a Greek-Egyptian woman. Of course, if you want to know more details about her lineage, you can check this woman’s origin in the Syrian royal family.

Today, she migrated to Athens from Commagene, in south-central Turkey, after the Roman Empire annexed Athens. He was a member of the imperial elite and had excellent relations with his friends, including Hadrian, Trajan, and Plutarch.

Unfortunately, we do not find much information about Philopappos’ personal life in history books.

But when we look at the history of Athens, we find that he was a good man and a philanthropist. He was active in the city’s charity and supported artists. Philopappos was also a member of the Roman Senate. It is also interesting to note that the monument of Philopapus’s insulator remained intact until the late fifteenth century.

Read more : Egyptian makeup history 

ancient greece tomb

There is a magnificent tomb of Attica, Greece, which symbolizes the most critical benefactor of Athens, named Julius Antiochus Philopapus. The citizens of this city built this magnificent tomb after the death of Julius Antiochus Philopapus in 116 AD.

Philopappos Monument and Hill in the evening
Philopappos Monument and Hill in the evening

The death of philopappos and the great grief of his sister and the citizens of Athens

Well, we mentioned the time of Philopapus’s death. He died in 116, and his death caused great sorrow to his sister Julia Balbilla, the citizens of Athens, and the imperial family.

To commemorate Philopapus, his sister Balbila decided to build a mausoleum on the Banana Hill (Λόφος Μουσών) near the Acropolis of Athens with the citizens of Athens.

The Athenians built the tomb of philopappos from marble. Today, many people know this hill as Philopapo Hill.

Pausanias, a Greek geographer, describes the great tomb of Philopapus as a Syrian man. (Pausanias, 1918)

To preserve the monument’s value to Philopapus, the citizens of Athens decided to build his tomb on the same site as Musaius, a priestly poet and mystical prophet of the sixth century BC. The location of this tomb indicates the high position of philopappos in Athenian society.

Philopappos Monument and Hill and its sculptures
Philopappos Monument and Hill and its sculptures

Importance of Philopappos Monument and Hill

In 2002, we saw the emergence of a movement in Athens.

Philopappos Monument and Hill, with its area, was declared an archeological park in 1955-1956.

This archeological park is home to native birds, and in this park, you can see Athenian owls and hawks. This park is also considered one of the essential stops. There are about 94 different species of birds in this park.

Of course, this park is not just for birds; there are many terrestrial turtles, bats, and many species of plants.

The hills of this park are very famous, the most important of which are Muses Hill, Nymphs Hill, and Pnyx.

The existence of these hills indicates their high historical importance. It is interesting to know that these hills and this ancient park were the meeting place of democratic legislators in ancient times, and they used to gather here to pass new laws.

Read more : oldest civilization in the world

Is it dangerous on Philopappos Hill?

When we examine the importance of the Philopappos Monument and Hill and search the history books, we find that the park has received a lot of attention due to its beautiful landscaping and rocky paths.

The Philopappos Monument and Hill architect were Dimitris Picionis, who cared about aesthetics. The famous architect also worked hard to build the church of St. Demetrius has a long history dating back to the sixteenth century. They also renovated the church from 1954-to 1958.

This experienced and skilled architect was so capable in his work that in 1996, the Ministry of Culture announced the works of Pikionis as an influential and essential figure in the creation of the Philopappos Monument and contemporary architecture.

These buildings are so valuable and beautiful that UNESCO has declared them a protected cultural heritage site.

 Since the early 2000s, many visitors have been interested in visiting this building. However, the Ministry of Culture has taken basic measures for fencing 173 hectares for more than ten years to protect this valuable building.

It has been more than two thousand years since constructing this beautiful tomb, but this monument is still beautifully located on top of the hill.

This monument has three statues, including Philopapus and his grandfather Antiochus I and King Seleucus Nicator. Of course, King Seleucus Nicator is the founder of the Seleucid dynasty, and now this statue is not next to the other two figures.

Over time, the remaining sculptures have eroded, and you can see traces of crushing and cracking in them. Climate change has accelerated the erosion of this monument.

This park is a popular place for Athenians to walk, and both tourists and locals enjoy being there. In the past, the philopappos hill entrance fee was free.

Philopappos Monument and Hill and lush parks
Philopappos Monument and Hill and lush parks

Conclusion about Philopappos Monument and Hill:

Thank you for being with us. We hope you enjoy reading this article about Philopappos Monument and Hill and its importance. If you share this article with your friends, they can also learn more about Philopappos and visit this monument while traveling to Athens. Many people choose to travel to Athens and Greece because they are ancient civilizations that influence modern social norms.

We have also written an article about the Roman gods. Be sure to read it and enjoy it.


1. Pausanias. (1918). Description of Greece (W. H. S. Jones, Trans.). Digital Loeb Classical Library. https://doi.org/10.4159/dlcl.pausanias-description_greece.1918

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