Home Ancient Civilizations List Introducing the seven wonders of the world that is truly amazing

Introducing the seven wonders of the world that is truly amazing

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When we talk about the Seven Wonders of the World or the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, we have in mind a list of classical and special constructions of antiquity.

Many authors worldwide and in various manuals have mentioned the existence of these places and how they are. The first list of these seven wonders dates back to the second to the first century BC.

Of the world’s seven significant wonders, only the Great Pyramid of Giza, one of the oldest ancient wonders, remains relatively intact.

Is there information about the seven wonders of the world?

Colossus of Rhodes, the Lighthouse of Alexandria, the tomb of

Halicarnassus, the Temple of Artemis, and the statue of Zeus are among the

sites damaged. No information is available on the final location and fate of

the Hanging Gardens. There are some speculations that they may not have existed from the beginning.

After the conquest of Greece, Hellenistic travelers were able to access much of the Western world, such as the Egyptian, Persian, and Babylonian civilizations, in the fourth century BC.

Great Wall Of China
Great Wall Of China

How did the information about the seven wonders of the world get to us?

These travelers were fascinated by the sights and wonders of different lands.

So they recorded what they saw so that they could never forget it and inform their children.

Diodorus Siculus was the first to mention seven monuments (Clayton, P. A., & Price, M, 2013). The Antipater of Sidon lived about 100 BC (Know, S. F. T. D. O. U, 2010).

He also says a list of seven “wonders,” including six that currently exist instead of the Alexandrian Lighthouse instead of the walls of Babylon.

The Seven Wonders of the World

These lists remain as a reference, and we can say that the seven classic wonders were:

  1. The Great Pyramid of Giza, in El Giza, Egypt, is the first complete wonderland and the only one that still exists today.
  2. Colossus of Rhodes, in the port city of Rhodes, on the Greek island
  3. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, near present-day Hillah, in Babylon, Iraq.
  4. Alexandria Lighthouse, in Alexandria, Egypt.
  5. Tomb of Halicarnassus, in Halicarnassus, a remnant of the Achaemenid Empire in present-day Turkey.
  6. Statue of Zeus at Olympia, in Olympia, Greece.
  7. Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, in Ephesus, near present-day Seljuk in Turkey.

Great Pyramid of Giza

The Great Pyramid of Giza is also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops. 

This Pyramid is one of the oldest and largest pyramids in the Giza Pyramid complex. This Pyramid is one of the oldest and largest pyramids in the Giza Pyramid complex. If you travel to Egypt, you will see the Pyramid of Giza is on the border of present-day Giza in Cairo. This Pyramid is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Of the other seven wonders of the world, the Great Pyramid of Giza is the only one that has remained mainly unchanged to date.

Egyptologists and archaeologists say that the people of that time built this Pyramid as the tomb of pharaoh Khufu in the fourth dynasty of Egypt, in the twenty-sixth century BC. According to forecasts, the construction of this building took about 27 years. (Tallet, P., 2017).

Sphinx and Great Pyramid
Sphinx and Great Pyramid

Hanging Gardens of Babylon and seven wonders of the world

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. These gardens are exceptional engineering masterpieces. These gardens are specially classified. There is a wide range of vines and other trees.

The description of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon is said to resemble a large green mountain.

κρεμαστός is a Greek word derived from the phrase hanging gardens (Dalley, S., 1993).

The term refers to trees planted on a prominent structure, such as a terrace (Reade, J., 2000).

Illustration of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Illustration of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon

Lighthouse of Alexandria

The Lighthouse of Alexandria, sometimes called the Lighthouse of Alexandria, was a lighthouse built by the Greeks. The Lighthouse is estimated to be at least 100 meters or 330 feet high. The Lighthouse has been one of the tallest manufactured structures in the world for centuries.

Frequent earthquakes between 956 and 1323 AD destroyed this beautiful Lighthouse. Eventually, it became an abandoned ruin.

The Pharos Of Alexandria
The Pharos Of Alexandria

Mausoleum at Halicarnassus and seven wonders of the world

Halicarnassus, or the tomb of Mausulus, was a tomb built between 353 and 350 BC in Halicarnassus, or present-day Bodrum in Turkey, for Mausulus, a native of Anatolia (Kostof, S., & Tobias, R., 1985).

Greek architects Satyros and Pythius of Priene designed the structure (Gloag, J., 1969). Successive earthquakes destroyed the building from the 12th to the 15th century.

The Mausoleum of Mausolus
The Mausoleum of Mausolus

Statue of Zeus at Olympia and seven wonders of the world

Greek sculptor Phidias designed the giant statue of Zeus at Olympia.

They chose a throne to place the statue of Zeus at that time.

Theodosius I was the Roman Christian emperor in 391 AD. He banned idolatrous sects and ordered the closure of temples. In general, detailed information on the conditions of the final destruction of the statue is not available.

illustration seven wonders
illustration seven wonders

Temple of Artemis

The Temple of Artemis was a Greek temple that was ancient and locally dedicated to the goddess Artemis. The building was rebuilt entirely once after a devastating flood and fire. In 401 AD, this temple became a ruin.

Only its bases remain in place (Foss, V. P. H. C., & Foss, O. H. C., 1979).

The Temple of Artemis
The Temple of Artemis

Colossus of Rhodes is one of the seven wonders of the world.

The last of these seven strange places in the world was called Colossus of Rhodes. An earthquake in 226/225 BC was the leading cause of its destruction. It is interesting to know that all seven wonders of the world existed for less than 60 years. The purpose of building these seven wonders of the ancient world was to celebrate the successful defense of the city of Rhodes against the attack of Demetrius Poliorcetes.

Engraving of the Colossus of Rhodes by Martin Heemskerck
Engraving of the Colossus of Rhodes by Martin Heemskerck

Conclusion

The Greek historian Herodotus lived from about 425 to 484 BC, and the scholar, Callimachus of Cyrene, lived from about 305 to 240 BC.

The two compiled the first list of the Seven Wonders at the Museum of Alexandria. In this article, we provide you with information about strange places in the world. We hope you find this article interesting. We are waiting for your comments, and we will be happy if you follow us on social networks.

References

Clayton, P. A., & Price, M. (2013). The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Taylor & Francis.

Dalley, S. (1993). Ancient Mesopotamian Gardens and the Identification of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon Resolved. Garden History, 21(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.2307/1587050

Foss, V. P. H. C., & Foss, O. H. C. (1979). Ephesus After Antiquity. Cambridge University Press.

Gloag, J. (1969). Guide to Western architecture; (2nd ed.). Spring Books.

Know, S. F. T. D. O. U. (2010). The Biographical Dictionary of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge–, Volume 3. Nabu Press.

Kostof, S., & Tobias, R. (1985). A History of Architecture: Settings and Rituals (New Ed). Oxford University Press.

Reade, J. (2000). Alexander the Great and the Hanging Gardens of Babylon. Iraq, 62, 195. https://doi.org/10.2307/4200490

Tallet, P. (2017). Les Papyrus de la Mer Rouge I: Le Journal de Merer (Mifao) (Arabic, English and French Edition) (Multilingual ed.). Ifao.

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