Do you know the different empires of the Middle East? Do you know which empire was the last great empire based in the Middle East region? In this article, we want to address one of the ancient topics and introduce you to The ancient kings of the Middle East.
The Middle East had various empires between 3000 BC and 1924 AD.
At that time, these empires spread the ideas, technologies, and religions they believed in the territories of the Middle East and distant regions.
From the 7th century AD, all the empires of the Middle East claimed the title of the Islamic caliphate, but only the Byzantine Empire did not have such a claim.
It might be interesting for you to know that the last great empire based in the Middle East region was the Ottoman Empire.
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What is the oldest empire in the Middle East?
Earlier in an article, We discussed the process of the emergence of small and large societies and civilizations.
In the past, the existence of fertile lands led to the settlement of people. In this way, the oldest civilizations arose in fertile areas.
Egyptians and Sumerians were among the first civilizations that lived in fertile lands and had many inventions. These inventions made them help later societies to progress faster.
Support of ancient kings for new innovations
Their most important innovation was the invention of the line and production of boats.
In this way, essential inventions like writing helped them a lot. Writing helped to preserve important events and taught children critical points.
So they also get to know how to live more efficiently.
The production of boats also made trade trips easier for them, so they could quickly sell the goods they produced to other people. The invention of early temples led to the formation of religious beliefs in early societies. Among the essential innovations of other early civilizations was the invention of the wheel.
Using an iron weapon for the first time
The Hittites were people who lived in Anatolia. According to historians, they were probably the first to use iron weapons. Anatolia is a land with rich resources and culture in the southwest of Egypt. At that time, the ancient kings of Egypt supported this matter.
The most influential ancient kings in business
You must have read about essential empires such as the Assyrian and Babylonian empires in history books, and you know that the Lydians and Phoenicians were among the most influential commercial kings in the past.
What are the kings of dynasty?
1. Akkadian Empire
Akkad Empire is considered one of the main ancient kings.
The Akkadian Empire and its subordinate cities were conquered by Sargon the Akkadian. 2300 BC The Akkadian Empire included the Assyrians and the Babylonians. They were among the ancient kings who could govern the Sumerian speakers under a unified government.
The Akkadian Empire was so influential that it could penetrate throughout Mesopotamia, Syria, and Anatolia and send its military campaigns as far south as Dilmun and Magan, or today’s Bahrain and Oman.
The first chariots existed during the time of these ancient kings. When we look at these inventions, we realize how dynamic and innovative the Sumerians were.
2. Third Dynasty of Ur
This dynasty is considered one of the ancient kings.
The third dynasty of Ur is also called the Neo Sumerian Empire. This dynasty ruled in the city of Ur in the 22nd to 21st century BC.
We can consider the third dynasty of Ur as a political state in Mesopotamia that did not last long.
This dynasty, one of the most famous ancient kings, controlled the cities of Isin, Larsa, and Ashnuna to the north of Mesopotamia.
3. Achaemenid Empire is one of the most important ancient kings
In the 6th century, Iranians under the leadership of Cyrus the Great could defeat their Median cousins. Then they established the Achaemenid government.
They were able to conquer Lydia and the Babylonian Empire gradually. The changes were not limited to conquests. Instead, they were able to consider Aramaic as the official language of the Iranian Empire.
They declared Zoroastrianism the official religion.
At that time, Cyrus was one of the ancient kings who were able to make fundamental changes with his enlightened policies. The Achaemenid Empire was able to rule the entire Middle East. This government could also lead to the conquest of Europe, but the resistance of Greece prevented the successful expansion of this goal.
4. Babylonian Empire
The agricultural crisis destroyed this centralized government.
But after some time, this area was united again and Hammurabi, one of the ancient kings at that time, ruled over the people.
He began his rule in the alluvial plain of southern Iraq, the country of Akkad.
Many people know this city as Babylon. This city was considered one of the ancient times’ most fertile and rich areas.
5. Egyptian empire and ancient kings
The kingdom of ancient Egypt was so big that it included the land of Canaan and Syria.
You must know that this empire had different ancient kings, and from 1560 to 1080 BC, it reached its peak as the most powerful Egyptian empire in the Middle East. The reign of Amenhotep III in 1400 BC saw the Egyptian empire expand from northern Syria to Sudan in Africa.
At that time, Egypt was in the golden age of wealth, power, and prosperity.
Ancient kings at that time used effective diplomacy to keep rivals away. Over time, Egypt flourished in art, technology, and new ideas. In ancient times, the rulers of Egypt were considered gods.
In this article, we provided information about the rulers of Amenhotep III and the Neo Sumerian Empire, and Cyrus. We hope you enjoyed reading this article and learned the reason for ancient kings’ success or failure.
Suppose you are interested in social and historical studies and want to know how ancient civilizations have influenced us. In that case, the article Ancient Civilizations That Influence Us Today Don’t miss.
If you are a tourist, we recommend reading the UNESCO World Heritage Sites article.
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- Seymour, M. (2004). Ancient Mesopotamia and Modern Iraq in the British Press, 1980–2003. Current Anthropology, 45(3), 351–368. https://doi.org/10.1086/383004
- (1997). Paths from Ancient Greece. Brill.
- Baten, J. (2016). A History of the Global Economy: 1500 to the Present (New ed.). Cambridge University Press.